We  focus on two main areas in materials science: new materials based on chemical, biological, and physical manipulation and reconstruction of natural fibres and materials; and artificial, fabricated materials with properties that don’t occur in nature, such as metamaterials.
Wool-based fibre research

Wool is a natural material and one of the oldest fibres used for warmth and protection. It naturally provides comfort and warmth by managing moisture and temperature. It is flame retardant, binds colour, and binds and neutralises pollution.

We are investigating the composition and structure of wool, and methods to develop new materials that maximise these natural properties but change the fibre’s physical format. By converting wool into particles, powders, pigments and extruded materials, we can deliver wool’s natural properties into a wide range of products well beyond traditional fibre use. These include re-formed fibres, powders, pigments, and particles.

Contact: Rob Kelly

Novel cellulose fibres

Cellulose is a highly abundant and widely used natural material. However, methods for converting cellulose into textile fibres are typically environmentally damaging. We are developing cellulose-based materials from a range of plants, using conversion methods that are much more sustainable than current industrial practice. This opens up the potential to source cellulose from a wider range of plant materials and to improve existing cellulose fibre production.

Contact: Rob Kelly


A metamaterial is an artificial material with properties not found in naturally occurring materials. They are assembled from multiple individual elements using composite materials such as metals and plastics. While relatively uncommon and at the forefront of research, they can guide and focus light, microwaves or sound waves in ways that are impossible with natural materials. For example, a metamaterial can be made to have a negative refractive index so that light ‘bends the wrong way’ when passing through it, yielding otherwise impossible properties.

Our main metamaterials research is cutting-edge development of theory, design, and fabrication of microwave negative-refractive-index lenses using metamaterials. These lenses, made from fastidiously designed and fabricated electronic components and structures, have the potential to be “perfect lenses”, breaking conventional microwave resolution limits.

Contact: Kim Eccleston



Deconvolution Enhanced Negative-Refractive Index Lens Imaging System, 2023 Asia Pacific Microwave Conference
Eccleston KW, Anton E, Platt IG
DOI: 10.1109/APMC57107.2023.10439836
Additive Manufacturing of Human Torso Phantom for microwave imaging, 2022 IEEE Conference on Antenna Measurements and Applications (CAMA)
2022 IEEE Conference on Antenna Measurements and Applications (CAMA) Y. Zhou et al
Wool powder and pigments for pollution protection — a proposal, Cosmetics & Toiletries
Cruickshank A, Krsinic G, Clark C.
Cosmetics & Toiletries
Multipixel Metamaterial Lens Imaging System, 2022 IEEE Conference on Antenna Measurements and Applications (CAMA)
Eccleston K W, Zhou Y, Platt IG, Tan A E-C, Anton E, Woodhead I M
Planar Lens Based on Dielectric Resonators and Printed Continuous Metal Strips, 2020 Asia Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC2020)
K. W. Eccleston, Y. Zhou, I. G. Platt, I. M. Woodhead and A. E.-C. Tan
Demonstration of a Negative-Refractive-Index Lens Imaging System, 2022 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)
Eccleston KW, Zhou Y, Platt IG, Tan A E-C, Woodhead IM
DOI: 10.23919/APMC55665.2022.9999905
Impact of anomalous surface boundary conditions on the planar negative-refractive index lens, “IET Microwaves Antennas & Propagation”
Eccleston KW
Matrix-Based Constitutive Parameter and Generalised Surface Effect Retrieval, 4th Australian Microwave Symposium (AMS2020), 2p, Sydney, Australia
Eccleston, K.W., Platt, I., Woodhead, I., Tan, A. E. C.
Modelling of the Dielectric Resonator and Metal Strip Based Negative-Refractive-Index Lens, 2021 IEEE Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)
Eccleston, K W, Zhou, Y, Platt, I G, Tan, A E-C, Woodhead, I M
The adaptive immune response to porous regenerated keratin as a bone graft substitute in an ovine model. “International Journal of Biological Macromolecules”
Dias, G., Ramesh, N., Neilson, L., Cornwall, J., Kelly, R.J., Anderson, G